Sprains and strains: Causes

Runner with ankle pain

Understand how sprains and strains occur

Knowing the causes of sprains and strains can help you identify these injuries, and therefore guide you to the most appropriate management approach for your patient.

Man holding knee

Sprains and strains have specific causes

Soft-tissue injury involves a sprain, strain or direct blow to a muscle, tendon and/or ligament.1,2

  • Sprains are caused by abnormal or excessive force applied to a joint1,2
  • Strains occur when a muscle is stretched beyond its limit or has contracted too strongly1,2
  • Overuse injuries, from repetitive friction, pulling, twisting or compression may also occur1,2
Woman playing tennis

Sport is a common cause of sprains and strains, but not the only one

Soft-tissue injuries are common in sport.3 Muscle strains or overuse injuries account for around 50% of all injuries suffered during sport.4,5

However, these injuries can also occur during simple, everyday activities that could lead to over-stretching, tripping or falling.6

Risk factors for sprains and strains

Understanding sprains and strains

Signs and symptoms icon

Signs and symptoms

Explore an overview of how to recognise acute sprains and strains and when to refer patients.

FIND OUT MORE

Management icon

Management

Learn how acute sprains and strains can be managed.

FIND OUT MORE

Back pain icon

Overview of acute back pain

Learn more about acute back pain and meet a patient experiencing it.

FIND OUT MORE

Learn more

Voltaren products

Voltaren products

Help your patients manage their acute pain with our pain-relieving products.

LEARN MORE

How diclofenac reduces inflammation

Diclofenac: Mechanism of Action

Access information to better understand how Diclofenac works.

LEARN MORE

Business women with back pain

Acute Back Pain

Learn more about acute back pain and how it can be relieved.

LEARN MORE