Dry Mouth Diagnosis
Diagnosing Dry Mouth
Proactive screening for Dry Mouth can be simply incorporated into routine clinical practice by identification of those at risk or with symptoms through1,2:
- Medical History
- Drug history
- Subjective questioning on Dry Mouth symptoms
- Clinical examination for oral signs
Typical signs of xerostomia the dental professional may identify include3:
- Dental mirror sticks to the tongue or buccal mucosa
- No saliva pooling
- Cervical caries
- Frothy saliva
- Altered gingival architecture (not only related to Dry Mouth)
Who is at risk?
Dry mouth is more prevalent in women than in men4
Dry mouth is more prevalent in the elderly population due to increased use of medication and susceptibility to disease*2,5
*This is more likely due to increased use of medication and susceptibility to disease rather than a feature of ageing2,5
Xerostomia can cause denture wearing to be very uncomfortable and exacerbate chewing difficulties5
Questions to Diagnose Dry Mouth
This one question could help identify 54% of all Dry Mouth sufferers with salivary gland hypofunction6
Does your mouth usually feel dry?
These 3 additional questions could identify 75% of all Dry Mouth sufferers6
Do you regularly do things to keep your mouth moist?
Do you get out of bed at night to drink fluids?
Does your mouth usually become dry when you speak?
These clinically validated questions can help uncover Dry Mouth
Intraoral mirror sticking to the buccal mucosa or tongue3
No saliva pooling in the floor of the mouth3
Loss of tongue papillae3
Altered/smooth gingival architecture3
Glassy appearance to mucosa, especially the palate3
Tongue is lobulated/deeply fissured3
Cervical caries (>2 teeth) and/or mucosal debris on palate (except under dentures)3
The ADA Council on Scientific Affairs outlines three diagnostic tests that you can use to support a dry mouth diagnosis7
|Salivary flow measurement||Periodic evaluation of salivary flow rate that provides a tool for monitoring dry mouth symptoms|
|Blood tests||Biomarker testing for when dry mouth is suspected to be related to systemic|
|Biopsy||Minor salivary gland biopsy can be used to identify any underlying pathological changes associated with dysfunction|
Offer your Dry Mouth patients a solution that suits their different needs, around the clock*
*With a daily Dry Mouth routine